As ALA defines it, information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.” To be information literate, then, one needs skills not only in research but in critical thinking.
- The Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL) has taken the lead in developing information literacy resources; chief among these is the Framework for Information Literacy in Higher Education: https://acrl.ala.org/framework/
- Being information literate includes the ability to distinguish fact from fiction—an essential skill given the proliferation of fake news. Libraries are positioned to help patrons gain information literacy skills, including how to identify fake news sources and stories. ALA’s Public Programs Office has compiled a collection of resources to guide libraries in their efforts and is launching Media Literacy @ Your Library, a one-year pilot program “that will train public library professionals to teach their adult patrons to be better informed news consumers.”